Issue 5 Articles

  • October 14, 2018
    Wounds are a serious matter that can diminish an individual’s overall quality of life due to physi- ological, physical and functional complications. In addition to this, there is also a great financial burden that accompanies wounds. In the United States alone, $25 billion is spent annually on wound treatment [1]...
  • August 29, 2018
    Gallbladder carcinoma is the most common biliary tract cancer, accounting for 3% of all tumours GBC is hard to detect and diagnose in its early stages because it usually has very slight symptoms or is asymptomatic. But once the diagnosis is confirmed, most of these patients often have metastasis and invasion. Furthermore, GBC is not sensitive to radiotherapy and chemotherapy. All of these characteristics make GBC a highly lethal tumour with a 5-year survival rate of less than 5% [1]...
  • August 20, 2018
    Aortic valve repair (AVR) techniques have been growing fast in the last 2 decades. The geometric relationship and dynamic behavior of aortic root components have been seen to ensure valve competence when leaflets have no structural lesions. Aortic leaflets lesions and/or dilatation of the ascending aorta and root lead to aortic regurgitation that need surgical repair. Repair procedures usually aimed to treat the leaflets dysfunction and restore the annulus...
  • August 18, 2018
    Pressure ulcers represent an often complex problem for patients and health care providers and ancillary services. Patients who develop a pressure ulcer are at high risk for recurrence, and often can present with multiple wounds that require careful surgical planning to completely excise the diseased area, address concomitant precipitating or exacerbating factors, and provide coverage with adequate well-perfused soft tissue from the local region to allow for healing...
  • August 14, 2018
    Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube placement is generally a safe and effective method for establishing long-term enteral access in a minimally invasive fashion. Placement through an intervening loop of colon is a surgical pitfall which ultimately requires operative exploration to correct...